Some of the most amazing things about Texas are all of the fabulous native wildlife species. Texas has a long and rich natural history – from the Horned Lizard, to the Nine Banded Armadillo, to the state flying mammal, the Mexican Free-tailed Bat. But, some of our native species are in jeopardy.
Meet Tina Toad. She is one of the Houston Zoo’s ambassador animals and is a retired Houston Toad that was a part of the Zoo’s breeding program. After laying over 10,000 eggs (yes, Moms, I said 10,000), she was retired and came to live in the Naturally Wild Swap Shop. Recently, we were able to get a picture of her with another kind of Texan. Kurtis Drummond, safety with the Houston Texans, came by along with Bethany and Brianna from the Houston Texans Cheerleaders.
The Houston Toad is one of Texas’ most imperiled species. Its range was formerly known to include 12 counties in Texas, but it is now only in a few counties in east-central Texas. The largest remaining populations are found in the Lost Pines region of Bastrop County. Habitat loss, fragmentation and degradation are the most serious threats facing the Houston Toad. Red fire ants can also have a devastating impact by killing young toads and altering local insect and arthropod populations which the toads feed on.
Their habitat is associated with deep sandy soils within the Post Oak Savannah of east central Texas. The toads burrow into the sand for protection from cold weather in winter and hot dry conditions in the summer.
Breeding season peaks in March and April. Large numbers of eggs are produced; however, each egg has less than one percent probability of survival. Eggs hatch within seven days and tadpoles turn into tiny toads in as little as fifteen days.
The Houston Zoo has a 1200 square foot Houston Toad quarantine facility, managed by two full-time Houston Toad specialists, that serves as a location for the captive breeding and head-starting of wild Houston toad egg strands for release. Approximately 1,950 Houston toad tadpoles were transferred from the Houston Zoo to Texas State University for release into native habitat as of January 2015. The zoo also has established a collaborative, conservation-based Houston Toad research project with local universities including Rice University and the University of Saint Thomas.
To meet Tina the Houston Toad, come by the Naturally Wild Swap Shop between 9AM and 5PM any day the Zoo is open.
Don’t know about the Naturally Wild Swap Shop? Click here to find out more.