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The Texas Wetlands at the Houston Zoo

Kathrine G. McGovern Texas Wetlands at the Houston Zoo will open to the public on Friday, May 24, just in time to kick off Memorial Day Weekend. The Texas Wetlands brings together three native Texas species—bald eagles, whooping cranes, and American alligators—in a lush wetland habitat. Thanks to the Endangered Species Act and the efforts of Texans, these three species, once close to extinction, now thrive in the Lone Star State.

In the heart of the zoo on the site of the former duck pond, the Houston Zoo has created a true wild wetland. Designed with living plants to filter the water for the Texas Wetlands’ animal residents and to flood and slowly release water to the bayous during heavy rains, the habitat demonstrates the importance and resilience of this valuable environment. Guests will be able to enjoy a boardwalk stroll and experience a close-up view of these beautiful animals that Texans have helped save from extinction.

There may not be a better wildlife comeback story than the one of the United States’ national symbol, the bald eagle. In the 1960s and 1970s, the numbers of wild bald eagles plummeted from the effects of pesticides. However, due to the banning of the pesticide, and protection of the species through the Endangered Species Act, their numbers began to climb. In 2007, the avian icon was removed from the federal endangered species list. Now, Texans can see thriving wild populations of bald eagles throughout North America.

Whooping cranes are a coastal Texas treasure with a miraculous comeback story. While they are the tallest bird in North America, their time on earth was almost cut short in the 1950s when this distinctive bird nearly went extinct from hunting and habitat loss. With only a population of 20, whooping cranes were put on the endangered species list and conservation breeding programs kicked into high gear. Zoos and other conservationists worked together to save the species. Now, Texans can proudly say that there are more than 500 birds who travel from their breeding grounds in Canada to Port Aransas, Texas, each winter.

The American alligator might strike fear in the hearts of some. And this fear and misunderstanding was almost this 150-million-year-old creature’s demise. But in the late 1960s, the alligator was placed on the endangered species list and started its steady comeback. By the late 80s, the alligator became so prevalent, that the living fossil was taken off the list. Most Texans are now so familiar with the American alligator that it’s inconceivable they were once in danger of going extinct.

This dynamic ecosystem also supports gar, snapping turtles, and a rich diversity of insects, fishes, and other small animals that make up the web of life in a natural wetland.

In 2022, the Houston Zoo will celebrate its 100th anniversary by completing the most dramatic transformation in its history through a $150 million centennial fundraising campaign to support these efforts. The campaign will secure funds from individuals, foundations, corporate partners, and the Houston Zoo’s operational cash flows to complete Phase I of the master plan by 2022. Every year leading to the centennial, an exciting new chapter will open for guests to explore. Kathrine G. McGovern Texas Wetlands at the Houston Zoo is the first major construction project to open as a result of the campaign.

By visiting the new Texas Wetlands at the Houston Zoo, guests are helping save Texas animals in the wild. With funds raised through admission and memberships, the Houston Zoo was able to save Texas wildlife in many ways in 2018:

  • Through extensive conservation breeding programs, the Houston Zoo released 1,082,000 Houston toad eggs, and 224 Attwater’s prairie chickens into the wild. These efforts are saving these Texas natives from extinction.
  • Zoo employees and volunteers fitted 52 wild monarch butterflies with tracking tags so scientists can follow their migration patterns.
  • More than 1,000 signatures were collected to ensure the Endangered Species Act remains intact to protect Texas animals.
  • The zoo’s veterinary team gave care to 131 sea turtles so that one day, they can be released back into the Gulf of Mexico.
  • Zoo horticulturists discovered a new location for the rare Texas Chapman’s fringed orchid.
  • The Houston Zoo teamed up with the International Crane Foundation to establish a Whooping Crane Outreach Coordinator position to develop awareness and caring for whooping cranes.